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Durum Wheat Genome Revealed

By Kevin E. Noonan — Durum wheat, Triticum turgidum L. ssp. durum (Desf.) Husn., used principally for pasta production, was derived from wild emmer wheat, T. turgidum ssp. dicoccoides (Körn. ex Asch. & Graebn.) Thell. from domesticated emmer wheat, T. turgidum ssp. dicoccum (Schrank ex Schübl.) Thell. about 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent. Domesticated wheat became established as a human food source 1,500-2,000 years ago, characterized by an initial domestication phase followed by continued evolution through further domestication and selective breeding. This week, a group* of international researchers disclosed the genome DNA sequence of domesticate Durum wheat in…

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